JARID-JAtropha for Rural Indian Development Project

April 25, 2007

MIT-Ideas project developmental trip-01

Filed under: Uncategorized — JARID @ 6:00 pm

mail.jpgv1.jpgJatrophaimg_2.jpgimg_1.jpg

For clear picture,you can click on the snaps and on the links below

5)Interaction with Mr.Kandasamy in his farms 6)Intercropping in Mr.Kandassmy farms 7)Picture on intercropping8)Interaction with Doctor in his farms

9)Chilli as intercropping in Doctor farms10)Harvestable seeds11)Insects on Jatropha leaves

1) Train journey to Virudhunagar with Mr.Sabapathi

2)Interaction with Dr.Subramaniyan

3)Nursery in his farms

4)Diseased Jatropha leave

5)Difference between organically grown and an ordinary Jatropha shrub(Right:ordinary,Left:Organically grown)

As per the suggesstion of Dr.Subramaniyan  my self and  Mr.Natana Sabapathi have taken up this field trip to Virudhunagar and its surroundings.

Friday(30 March) evening,we started our journey form Chennai Egmore station at around 10.pm and reached Madurai station around  6 am  (31,March). 31march was observed as State level strike .So it was bit difficult for us to move further on our destination. We somehow able to catch a Auto and reached Virudhunagar where Dr.Subramaniyan’s head office is located.

We have taken bath and break-fast in his office.There was already one group of students (Final B.sc., Agriculture) from Annamalai University ( http://annamalaiuniversity.ac.in/  ) who were there to explore Jatropha as a part of their final year EDP (Entrepreneurship Development Programme).We had discussion with them about Jatropha and its feasibility..Dr.Subramaniyan screened some vidoes on Aloe vera and other economically importance crops in his office.

Afternoon,we reached a village- Moolipatti – 10 km distance from DR.subraniyan’s office.

1)Field-01-Mr.Kandasamy:31 March2007:

There we met a farmer Mr.Kandasamy who cultivated Jatropha in 5 acres(cultivable land).When Mr.Kandasamy started his Jatropha cultivation in 2 acres on an experimental basis 2 years back, people laughed at him as it was a new crop which was initally considered as a weed. Now he gets visitors/researchers around the world to his farm.Last month there was some visitors from USA.He has intercropped Jatropha with Vinca Rosea( whos common name is PERIWINKLE / MADAGASCAR PERIWINKLE / SADABAHAR-medicinal plant ) which he harvests two times a year. He sells the leaves of V.rosea and one more inter-crop (Avoori) for Rs.18/kg.He waters Jatropha once a week.

He has planted 1500 Jatropha saplings(seedling raised ) per acre out of which 100 saplings gone waste in the initial two months.There is no fertiliser input till now.His major concern is a green colour insect which always stick to the seeds.He thinks it consumes the oil.But some of us feel that it helps in the cross-pollination.

The main reasons for taking Jatropha cultivation rather than other native crops(cotton,ground nut,sun flower ,..) of that land according to Mr.Kandasami are 1)water scarcity,2) non-availability of labours.

He is unsure about the amount of yield of Jatropha in his farm.He is not able to express in terms of number.He says he is not happy but satisfied with the yield.

We also able to meet and interact with another farmer Mr.Chinnasamy who is  a friend of Mr.Kandasamy.

Lesson learned:

Irrigation, prunning and maintainance processes are necessary for economical yield.

Filed-02-Dr.Sureshkumar farms: 01 APRIL 2007

The next day we joined with the Agricultural students of Annamalai University to visit Paramakudi which was around 3 hour journey from Virdudhu nagar.

We met Dr.Sundararajan  who is a professional doctor and also a avid and very rich farmer,former M.L.A.,. I was able to read some of his articles about Jatropha last year in some local magazines.He is very popular in that area for his Jatropha farms.He has around 40 ha of land in which he has cultivated Jatropha in 35 acres.

Chilli,Aloe vera,Ladies finger,Tomoto,Mango, are some of his intercrops.He uses neem oil ,if he finds any disease in Jatropha.He sells the seedlings for Rs.3 for the cultivation.

He has experimented Jatropha in one acre in 2003 after which he expanded the cultivation.He constantly supplies Jatropha seeds to TNAU ( www.tnau.ac.in ) and other agencies,research groups…But he never tells about the yield of Jatropha as he says “Everything is ex perimenal basis,so I never worried about the yield or cost involved in it” and indirectly at one point he accepts his failure.But  he is keep expanding the Jatropha cultivation and keen in establishing a extraction unit in his locality for which he got the permission and guidence of TNAU and other governmental organizations.

He runs many business.His servants never maintain any crops properly and these are the visible factors for his failure.But he still trust that Jatropha will   give a good future for his locality.He is very frindly.

Lessons learnt:  

Irrigation, prunning and maintainance processes are necessary for economical yield.

It was planned to visit  a Trans-estrification unit and Aloe vera processing unit in that lacality.But due to time constraints,we were unable to make it.

On sunday night (01April ),we started our jouney from Virudhu nagar to Chennai.

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